Cancer: “Any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division is referred to as Cancer; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream.”
Cancer Surgery is in vogue. It is actually the renowned and the risky surgery to mend or remove part of your body to diagnose or treat a condition of Malignancy. This is basically the foundation of cancer treatment.
Cancer surgery can be used to achieve any number of goals, from diagnosing your cancer to treating it to relieving the symptoms it causes. Cancer surgery may be your only treatment, or it may be supplemented with other treatments, such as radiation and chemotherapy.
Cancer surgery -the treatment:
Common reasons for which one might undergo surgery are:
In some cases if there is a possibility to develop cancer in certain tissues or organs, the doctor may recommend removing those tissues or organs before cancer develops. For example, if you have a genetic condition called familial polyposis, your doctor may use cancer surgery to remove your colon and rectum because you have a high risk of developing colon cancer in the future.
Doctors use a form of cancer surgery to remove (biopsy) all or part of a tumor allowing the tumor to be studied under a microscope to determine whether the growth is cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign).
Cancer surgery helps doctor define how advanced your cancer is. Surgery allows your doctor to evaluate the size of your tumor and determine whether it’s traveled to your lymph nodes. Additional tests might be used to gauge your cancer Stage.
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For many tumors, surgery is the best chance for a cure, especially if the cancer is localized and hasn’t spread. If your doctor believes your cancer hasn’t spread, he or she may recommend surgery to remove the cancerous tumor as your primary treatment.
When it’s not possible to remove all of a cancerous tumor – for example, because doing so may severely harm an organ – your doctor may remove as much as possible (debulking) in order to make chemotherapy or radiation more effective.
Cancer Surgery is often combined with other cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy and radiation.
Cancer Surgery Procedure:
The primary purpose of cancer surgery is to cure your cancer by physically removing all of it from your body. The surgeon usually does this by cutting into your body and removing the cancer along with some surrounding tissue to ensure that all of the cancer is removed. Your surgeon may also remove some lymph nodes in the area to determine if the cancer has spread. This helps your doctor assess the chance of your being cured, as well as the need for any further treatment.
In a cancer operation, the doctor attempts to completely remove the cancer by using a scalpel or other cutting instruments. Doctor might also remove a surrounding margin of tissue or nearby lymph nodes. It is done as an attempt to ensure that all the cancer has been removed.
Other Techniques in Cancer Surgery:
Some common types of cancer surgery include:
Cryosurgery- In this case, doctor uses very cold material, such as liquid nitrogen spray, or a cold probe to freeze and destroy cancer cells or cells that may become cancerous, such as irregular cells in your cervix that could become cervical cancer.
Electrosurgery-Here, it is done by high-frequency electrical currents. It is passed by the doctor to kill cancer cells, for example, in your mouth or on your skin.
Laser Surgery- Laser surgery is used to treat many types of cancer. It is done by using beams of high-intensity light to shrink or vaporize cancer cells. In some cases, the heat of the laser accomplishes this. In other cases, the laser is used to activate a previously administered chemical that cancer cells absorb. When stimulated by light, the chemical kills the cancer cells.
Mohs’ Surgery- This one is useful for removing cancer from sensitive areas such as near the eye and for assessing how deep a cancer goes, this method of surgery involves carefully removing cancer layer by layer with a scalpel.
Laparoscopic Surgery- A surgeon uses a laparoscope to see inside your body without making large incisions. Instead, several small incisions are made and a tiny camera and surgical tools are inserted into your body. The surgeon watches a monitor that projects what the camera sees inside your body. Laparoscopic surgery is used in cancer diagnosis, staging, treatment and symptom relief.
Image-guided Surgery-In some instances, surgeons can rely on real-time images of your body to guide them when operating. For instance, rather than opening your skull to physically see inside your brain, a surgeon may use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to visualize the surgery. Other imaging techniques are used as well, including computerized tomography (CT) and ultrasound.
Risks of Cancer Surgery:
In General, Most Cancer Operations Carry a Risk Of:
· Loss of organ function.
· Blood clots.
· Altered bowel and bladder function.
Apollo Hospital’s Cancer Surgery Department is at par to international standards. It treats all kinds of Cancer, and all related conditions and excels brilliantly in most cases. All kinds of Cancer Surgeries and treatments are quite a familiar business in Apollo Hospitals.
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